In any commercial or industrial organization, whether big or small, accounting is always of great consequence towards effective administration. Managerial Accounting helps to arrange the financial obligations in managing the business and the processes that may be involved in its success. Accurate measurements, analysis, communication and interpretation of its financial status are the focus of Managerial Accounting. Therefore a managerial accountant’s task encompass identification, accumulation, calculation, breakdown, research, comprehension and conveyance of data. The prepared reports may also prove as a useful deciding tool for non-managerial groups such as shareholders, creditors, regulatory agencies and tax authorities.
Back in the late 1980s, the field of Managerial accounting has gone through a major transformation in response to the changes in the business society. Accountants, as well as Accounting educators were by then criticized on the grounds that the management accounting processes and the curriculum taught to students have become obsolete and improved so little over the past sixty years. The trepidation that management accounting would be considered unnecessary in any business establishments for the coming years, Professional accounting institutions dedicated and committed considerable resources and time in developing more innovative skills and learning for management accountants.
Managerial Accounting takes part in various areas of business organization management. In planning, the Management Accountant assists by providing information concerning pricing, capital expenditure projects, product costs or competition. As for budgeting, they also provides data such as preceding costs and revenues.
In the area of controlling, the management accountant presents performance reports comparing the actual and planned performance and emphasizes activities without conformity to the plan.
As for organizing, it is the duty of the managerial accountant to fortify the objectives of the organizational framework.
The management accountant also participate in motivating. Both managers and subordinates are motivated with budget and performance reports that the accountant prepares which encompass individual performance ratings in relation to targets set for the organization.
In decision making, the managerial accountant collects and analyzes data and presents them for the managers to decide.
There are no strict rules which oversee the way management accounting is executed as long as the information a management accountant presents to the managers is found useful and appropriate. The reports have no specific format. However, the management accountant must ensure that their actions, maneuvers and reports are all relevant, complete and sufficiently accurate for their purposes. Each of the management accountant’s reports must be clear so that the manager would be confident and certain in using it. The management accountant must also ensure that he uses communication channels to convey data and information he has gathered and analyzed to appropriate recipients and at a cost that is both economical and beneficial.
In effect, if the managerial accountant who practices what is expected, he/she will accordingly perform dynamic approach to accounting procedures necessary for the business of the organization. Financial assets and business outcomes will be managed and determined respectively. Business programs and activities will be highly developed as well as strategies for future success and even expansion. Resources will be optimized and maximized to its full potential.
By: W Tsang
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How to work with insurance companies and avoid getting ripped off
Insurance claims are a reality of life and in this article I will show you the basics of preparing for and filing them. Whether you are involved in a car accident or have to go into the hospital, filing claims are a essential part of that process. Here are some basic points to consider when filing.
1. Keep up to date on your insurance policies.
There is nothing worse when filing a claim and to find out that your insurance policy does not cover you. Many times we take for granted that our insurance is up-to-date and will handle any emergency, but then when we go to file and we find out that either our insurance does not cover our expenses or that we are denied because we are no longer covered.
2. Insurance claims must line up with your policy.
What you think is covered or should be covered by your insurance may not be. Remember, your insurance company will pay insurance claims according to what your policy says and nothing else.
3. Most insurance companies are reluctant to pay.
Since insurance is a business (and a big business at that) you need to remember that they are in it to turn a profit and one of the ways is by being strict when people file. While they are not blatantly looking to rip you off, in order to turn a profit they will follow the guidelines of the policies they issue.
OK, what steps should you take to be sure your insurance claims are approved in a timely manner?
1. Know what is in your policy.
If you have any doubts or concerns, contact your insurance agent right away to avoid any future heartache. Pay particular attention to “Exclusions”, “Coverages” and “Definition of terms”. Be sure to read it IMMEDIATELY after receiving it and don’t make the common mistake people usually do and put it away with no what is in the insurance policy. Claims have to be filed based on knowledge, so spending 20 minutes or so when you first get the policy is well worth it.
2. Buy from reputable companies.
Some good resources for that are: A.M. Best’s guide to insurance companies. A.M. Best is the recognized authority on insurance companies and has an easy A – F rating system. Also, there are many resources available to you on the internet. Just search by the insurance company you are considering and look for their A.M. Best rating. This way you can be sure, that you are not dealing with some fly by night company and future insurance claims will be honored.
3. Make sure your keep all your documents and receipts.
Keep all document you receive about your insurance and keep them in a safe place (In a safe or safety deposit box, if possible). Also, have your insurance agent date and sign the receipt as an added safeguard. Trying to file without those precious documents is leaving yourself open to being challenge about your claim with nothing to back you up.
Well, there you have some handy tips on how to prepare for and handle insurance claims. I will be providing more handy tips and information about this in future articles and posts.
By: Joseph Dungee
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Communicating Bad News The Right Way
It’s the rare executive who actually enjoys speaking before groups of people, even under the best of circumstances. Public speaking routinely ranks highest
on people’s list of fears. Add the pressure of having to deliver bad news to good people,
and even the most confident executive can stumble.
Every employee has a horror story about a manager’s inability to relate bad news. One new manager tried to quell questions from anxious employees about their jobs by denying the obvious: he’d been hired to make changes. When that statement was met with skepticism, he explained, “What I meant was that I’m not going to make any changes that you don’t already know have to be made.” Not surprisingly, his words did little to stem fear, help employee morale, or change the speed with which resumes were readied, even among those spared the ax.
Another executive withheld information about necessary layoffs right up to and including the time those layoffs were being put into effect. As employees were summoned one by one into the executive’s office, word began to spread through the employee grapevine like wildfire. Rumors flew out of control. One fired employee began calling workers who were not present, with erroneous news they too were about to be fired. So badly had the executive handled the situation, security guards had to be called in to handle growing employee anger and frustration, right in the presence of visiting clients.
To be sure, these are extreme, real-life examples of bad news communicated badly. However, even the announcement of difficult changes can be handled well by executives, if those announcements are handled honestly, appropriately, and with open and clear communication.
It makes no sense for executives whose workplaces are filled with rumor to stay silent. Yet many executives do just that, fearing that anything they say will only add to the anxiety. The first rule of communicating about change in the workplace is the same rule used in crisis communications: tell what you know when you know it.
Even if what you do know, or are allowed to say is limited, you will do yourself and your employees a great deal of good by setting the stage for open communication early. This gives executives an opportunity to learn of employee concerns and to squelch unfounded rumors at the outset. Even more importantly, it allows executives to communicate an understanding of those concerns to employees.
That will go a long way in giving both employees who are impacted, and those who are not, more confidence that their interests are being taken into account.
Executives should also use care and attention with the words and tone they use, along with how those words are likely to be perceived. Executives uncomfortable with the emotions involved in delivering unpleasant news often choose to present a simple recitation of the facts, in a neutral tone. While it’s important to let employees know what is happening, and why, its equally important executives acknowledge the real pain those changes are causing. Don’t assume workers know how you feel. Workers need to hear executives empathize about the impact of difficult decisions, and acknowledge their worth and contributions.
Executives need to find as many ways as possible to help ease the blow of bad news for all employees, those who might be downsized or reassigned, as well as those left behind. Communicating about any and all options available for employees helps ease the feelings of helplessness and frustration, among those most impacted by change. For those left behind, honest communication about new job duties or increased responsibilities will go a long way toward rebuilding morale and confidence.
Bad news doesn’t have to be communicated badly. Honest, clear and powerful communication can help pave the way for a new beginning.
By: Aileen Pincus
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Business Networking is the process of establishing a relationship with other business professionals and potential clients/customers that benefits all participating parties.
1. Remember that networking is about being genuine and authentic. The ultimate goal is to build solid relationships through trust.
2. Ask yourself what your goals are in participating in networking groups or meetings. You should join groups that will help you find what you’re looking for. There are several types of meetings. Be careful when making your selections because some are learning based or volunteer driven as opposed to being focused directly on making business connections.
3. Have business cards and/or marketing material on hand. If you’re at a networking meeting, the ultimate goal is to connect with people. Most people aren’t going to remember your name or your company website. Always be in a position to hand out business cards or marketing material. Your material should stand out in a way that encourages the recipient to want to go on your website or call you to learn more.
4. Be on TIME. Perception is everything. If you want people to use your services or give you referrals it’s key to make a good first impression. Being tardy can give others the impression that you are not prepared or that you’re an amateur in the industry.
5. Ask open-ended questions during your networking conversations. This means questions that ask who, what, where, when, and how as opposed to those that can be answered with a simple yes or no. This form of questioning opens up the discussion for real communication and it shows that you are interested in what the other party has to say.
6. Become a good resource. When others feel that you are knowledgeable in your industry or field, they will come to you for advice and/or a request for services. Don’t you feel more comfortable doing business with someone you feel is an expert in their field?
7. Know Your Business. In order to get referrals, you must first have a clear understanding of what you do that you can easily explain to others. You should be able to explain what makes your company different and how it benefits others. Know why they should choose you over the competitor.
8. Be able to articulate what you are looking for and how others may help you. If you want help or to build connections, you have to be able to explain what you’re looking for.
9. React quickly and professionally to referrals. When people give you referrals, your actions are a reflection on them.
10. Don’t be afraid to contact those you meet who may benefit from what you do and vice versa. Express that you enjoyed meeting them, and ask if you could get together and share ideas.
By: Trena Stubbs
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These days when there is so much of hue and cry amongst private loan agencies, each trying to downplay the merits and work of the other, the loans offered by government remain immaculate and selflessly benefiting the public.
Government loans are a cut above the rest in quite a few ways. Firstly every private agency offering loan does it with the purpose of making profits but in contrast to this government loans are meant only for the welfare of public. Since government is a body meant for the people, it does not seek any personal gains. Unlike the private banks and other such loan agencies, government also offers loans to those downtrodden people who can hardly pay it back. Government loans not just a great help to the destitute but also a big contribution in the smooth functioning of the economy of the country.
Government loans are primarily of three kinds- Business Loans, Loans for Home Buyers and Loans for Higher Education.
Since small businesses are quite important for the US economy, in order to promote them and enhance their development, government of America offers business loans to its citizens. All those individuals who desire to kick-start their careers by venturing into some business can materialize their dreams with the help of government business loans. What more can be added to the glory of government loans but that the present day eminent brands such as Nike, Apple Computer, Compaq Computer etc. had commenced with the aid of government loans only.
Government loans are immensely beneficial for those seeking a shelter. Government gives home loans for legal purchase of any big or small house. The rate of interest on these home loans is deliberately less in comparison to loans taken from private organizations.
Since government of America seeks to have overall development of the country, it provides financial assistance not only to elderly people but also to children or students. Government enables students to have a bright future by virtue of education loans. These loans are a great help particularly to students who do not come from affluent families. These loans provide a wonderful opportunity to students to go for higher education even in popular universities. The readily available government loans for higher education not just help a student by sponsoring his studies but are a boon for his family too. This is because the parents are then released from the burden of hefty fees for their child’s higher studies. A student can pay back the loan after completing his studies and acquiring a decent job.
The drawbacks of government loans are that these loans are provided only to law-abiding citizens and for legal purposes. Also a great deal of paper work is required to procure a government loan. The government loans are not service at your doorstep. So lot of physical labor is required to get a government loan. Moreover government loans are not that readily available as loans by private agencies. So it takes quite a few days in applying for a government loan and actually getting it.
Yet the shortcomings of government loans can never dominate their merits. At the end of the day it is the choice of the customer to decide, which way to go.
By: Mansi Aggarwal
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The only fixed rate student loans available are federal loans, and even those can change based on federal law. However, if you want to lock in your interest rate, you can do so after you finish school.
Federal student loans offer a more stable rate; even though changing laws can change the interest rate on these loans, it is not going to happen from one day to the next, which is a possibility with private loans. Private loans should only be considered when federal loans and financial aid do not cover the costs of your education.
Education costs are rising faster than federal student loan amounts, so many students are finding themselves in a situation where they need extra funding. Lenders take advantage of this situation and stepping in to fill the gap.
If you have excellent credit, you are eligible for loans which offer Prime interest rates. Good credit takes time to build up, however, and if you’re a young student, if you don’t have bad credit, you probably have no credit or a very short credit history. This doesn’t make it impossible to get a loan, but you may need a cosigner or be charged higher fees and interest rates.
This puts you in an even more precarious situation than other sub-prime borrowers, because unless bankruptcy laws change, you will not be able to have your student loan debt excused by declaring bankruptcy unless you have extreme economic difficulties and, according to current precedence, absolutely no chance of future improvement.
You do have the option of consolidating student loan debts. This will give you the chance to freeze the interest rate for the life of the loan. The downside of this is that, while you will also pay less per month, you will be paying off your debt over a longer period of time and in the end, it will cost more. Having a fixed interest rate and lower payments now may be worth the future increase in total cost.
Consolidating student loan debts also allows you different payment options. You can pay interest-only for up to four years with some lenders, allowing you to get a head-start on a career, or you can take advantage of a graduated repayment plan to start paying off the debt now. You can switch payment options, so if you ever suffer financial difficulties, you can switch to an income-based plan. And you can always make early payments on the principle.
Students wishing to convert their private student loans into fixed rate student loans should consider consolidation. It offers a locked interest rate but allows borrowers the chance to use varying payment plans to make student loan payment easier.
By: Adam Hefner
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